Toriko is a renowned, incredibly strong and skilled Gourmet Hunter. Nicknamed "The Glutton" for his abnormally large appetite (as a food serving for 500 people could only get him 1/10 full), with his skill has allowed him to discover roughly 2% of the approximately 300,000 varieties of known ingredients worldwide, which is around 6000 varieties. Toriko is also notable for having a close connection, partnership and affiliation with many of the world's most influential individuals, such as being the combo partner of chef Komatsu (one of the top 100 chefs in the world), the adopted son and apprentice of IGO President Ichiryu (alongside Sunny, Zebra, And Cothe husband of Gourmet Research Chief Rin (one of the IGO's highest ranking officials), the adoptive father figure of a Battle Wolf named Terry Cloth (making him the only human known to have ever tamed a Battle Wolf), and is a close ally and friend of the leaders of both the Gourmet Knights (a noble order of Gourmet Hunters) and the Gourmet Yakuza (one of the world's most notable criminal organizations).
Toriko's Gourmet Cells' main special ability is the enormous strength he can display. At the very beginning of the series, Toriko demonstrated immense strength, easily wielding a 76 mm steel rod wrapped with elevator cable as a fishing pole, and using it to pull from the sky a bird-like beast which tried to make off with his catch. Even at this early point, Toriko could easily take down beasts several times his own size with his bare hands and shatter boulders or enormous walls with a single punch. Toriko's phenomenal growth has reached the point that his punches can now shatter mountains, and the mere act of clenching his fist is enough to cause a gust of wind.
He uses his highly developed sense of smell in order to gather information. For example, he was able to determine that a female Battle Wolf was pregnant by the faint scent of amniotic fluid. He is even capable of detecting pheromones with his sense of smell, although he couldn't actually smell it. He can use smell alone to fight in complete darkness, although not very effectively. He was also able to detect Mellow Cola inside a Salamander Sphinx's tear ducts. With it, he has been able to fight in complete darkness and locate the Jewel Meat from the inside of a Regal Mammoth.
After Toriko's return from Gourmet World, his enhanced sense of smell has evolved into a whole new level. His enhanced sense of smell allows him to not only trace an individual creature but a multitude of creatures that have passed a certain location. This sense of smell is also highly tuned in that it can trace back the faintest of scents from the distant past as long as the original location still remained, even if there's only a small part of the location left. This means that even after a place has changed so much (like the state of the 1st Biotope after Zebra's rampage), if there is a source of origin (such as a small bit of the original surface) he can track down any and every creature that has passed through the area regardless of when they passed the area. His sense of smell has also developed to the point of being able to detect areas which are otherwise invisible to any creature, such as the Rest Room which Ichiryu had built
Toriko is skilled enough to Knock one extremely sensitive Puffer Whale within an hour of trying, using just one finger from his left hand. Later on he is able to use this skill on a Grand Shark. Toriko's skill in Knocking is impressive, though not exceptional, and he mainly uses it when facing beasts he does not wish to eat, such as when he faces the Troll Kongs, using a basic Knocking Gun, due to his doctrine of not killing anything he is not going to eat. He is able to knock quite a few of them before rain washes the scent of the weakest Troll Kong off of him so he could use his Intimidation.
Is a technique that erases his presence, allowing him to get close to an animal without it being aware. Toriko is able to use this technique almost immediately after seeing Coco use it while hunting Puffer Whales.
Is a technique where the user stops all useless thoughts and fights based on instinct gained from all the fighting experience one has gained. Toriko learns this immediately after hearing about it from Sunny. His prowess is then displayed in his fight against the Hannya Panda, a ferocious beast with a Capture Level of 80, by avoiding the monster's rampage-induced movements and countering it almost instantaneously.
Toriko has displayed the ability to almost instantly learn techniques after seeing them only once, such as learning how to erase his presence from Coco after witnessing it once and picking up Sunny's ability to use instinct after hearing about it. He was also able to learn and master top-class Food Honor in a week's time.
After training in Food Honor at the Chowlin Temple, Toriko managed to increase the speed and strength of his attacks several times over, by both cutting down on useless movements and increasing his concentration. This, in turn, reduces calorie consumption and makes his attacks capable of more delicate handling, allowing him to last longer in combat since his techniques originally had poor calorie consumption rate. After he acquired Food Immersion, his techniques' power increased.
Toriko is one of the relatively few people worldwide whose bodies possess Gourmet Cells. According to Ichiryu, Toriko was born with them. These cells evolve as Toriko consumes delicious foods that suit the cells' 'tastes'. Toriko's senses and physical limits are drastically enhanced each time his cells 'level up'. Grinpatch observed that the level of growth that Toriko's cells experience when evolving is "abnormally high."
Toriko's Gourmet Cells are also unique in that he has not one but multiple Appetite Demons within him. They can determine which demon awakens depending on his situation. In Toriko's fight with Heracles, Ogre, the Red Demon, deems itself unable to fight and awakens the second Appetite Demon, the Blue Demon (青鬼 Ao Oni), who is far superior in terms of power but is far too unstable, meaning it can kill Toriko if his body cannot hold out. The demons also seem to be made of their own individual cells, as the Blue Demon referred to Ogre as the Red Cells (赤い細胞Akai Saibō). Toriko can manifest Ogre and Blue Demon at will and simultaneously