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    The Netherlands

    Location » The Netherlands appears in 265 issues.

    The Kingdom of the Netherlands is a country located in the north-west of Europe.

    Short summary describing this location.

    The Netherlands last edited by Guru_Crack on 02/28/22 11:31AM View full history

    Brief History

    The Netherlands first established itself as the independent Seven Provinces of the Netherlands.

    This was not recognized by Spain, that occupied the region at the time. War followed witch lasted 80 years, (ironically called the 80 years war). In the 1580's the Netherlands got its independence from Spain. The Dutch Republic was a fact. This era was a Golden Era for the country. With their mighty sea fleet called the V.O.C. (the Verenigde Oost-Indische Companie aka the Dutch Indian Company), they made large profits from trading spices and other Mediterranean goods. In this time the Netherlands also colonized a lot of countries in the world. Indonesia, Suriname and South Africa where colonies of the Netherlands. Even New York, then named New Amsterdam, belonged to the Dutch for some time. After a while it was sold to the English who renamed it New York.

    From 1795 till 1814 the Dutch Republic was occupied by France under the lead of Napoleon. In 1814 there came an end to the occupation and Holland became a kingdom in 1815, with their first king, King Willem of Orange the First (Willem van Oranje). This is where the color Orange comes from in the Dutch football team and its supporters.

    Modern History

    The Netherlands knew another age of prosperity and wealth for almost all of its citizens. There came an end to this seemingly simpler time in the 1940's. Holland was attacked and defeated in 5 days by the Nazi forces of Germany. The Nazis where frustrated by a few setbacks they had suffered. Although they had taken half the country in 3 days, they couldn't get passed Dutch defenses in Groningen and the Blitz-Krieg above the Hague had failed (making it the only Blitz-Krieg attack in history to have failed for the Nazis).

    Holland surrendered when Nazi air bombers destroyed much of the city of Rotterdam. This was a time of great despair for much of its citizens. Dutch Jews where taken away from their home and put into concentration camps. Among them was a Jewish girl named Anne Frank, now world famous for her published diary (the Diary of Anne Frank). She died in one of the camps. The Nazi occupation was hard on a lot of people, especially the winter of 1944, dubbed "the Hunger Winter", in which there was a great food shortage. The Netherlands where liberated from the Nazis in May of 1945 thanks to the Allied Forces and a little help from the Dutch resistance.

    The 1950's was a time of rebuilding. Due to hard work and help from the 'Marshall Plan" the Netherlands where back in prosperity in the mid/late 1960's.

    Today, Holland harbors a few international recognized places. Amsterdam is famous for its monumental canals, Rotterdam is an international haven-city and The Hague harbors the International Court of Justice and the Peace Palace. There are large (old and modern) city's in the Netherlands, although farming lands are not a strange sight in the landscape.

    Facts

    It's capital is Amsterdam. Netherlands is a Kingdom bordering Belgium and Germany. It is informally called "Holland" after two of its provinces, South-Holland and North-Holland, which includes its main cities Amsterdam, The Hague and Rotterdam. Other main cities include Leiden, Utrecht, Haarlem, Gouda and Delft.

    Comic history

    Though American comics have been available for decades in the Netherlands through several comic shops, they used to be translated by publishers like JuniorPress and Baldakijn. The Netherlands has, like many European countries, their own brand of comics, called 'strips'.

    Dutch strips

    Agent 327

    Alfred Jodocus Kwak

    Douwe Dabbert

    Franka

    Gilles de Geus

    Haagse Harry

    Jan, Jans en de Kinderen

    Joop Klepzeiker

    Sjors & Sjimmie

    Stamgasten

    Dutch comic characters

    King Cobra (Marvel)

    Klaw (Marvel)

    Flying Dutchman (Marvel)

    Dragonfly (Marvel)

    Cobra (Marvel)

    Van Burian (Marvel)

    Abraham Van Helsing (Public Domain)

    Flying Dutchman (Hillman)

    Real characters

    Anne Frank

    Willem of Orange

    Rembrant van Rijn

    Vincent van Gogh

    Johan Cruijf

    Marinus van der Lubbe

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