No Family Unity in Marvel


   We are once again seeing big changes and shake-ups in the DC and Marvel Universes.  DC is presenting us with its 52 title reboot, and Marvel has a series of major events such as Fear Itself and Schism.  We also saw a recent discussion on a new character with the Super-Soldier Serum.  These events and discussions made me wonder why the DC Universe has so successfully introduced Families for its major heroes, and Marvel has not. 
 
Lets take a quick look at the DC Families: Superman (Superboy, Supergirl, Steel, Eradicator, Superwoman & Power Girl), Batman (Robin, Nightwing, Batgirl, Batwoman, Spoiler, Azrael, Huntress & the Birds of Prey), Wonder Woman (Troia, Wonder Girl, Artemis & Fury), Aquaman (Tempest, Aqualad, Aquagirl, Dolphin & Mera), Green Lantern (Alan, Hal, Guy, John, Kyle, Kilowog & Jade), Flash (Jay, Barry & Wally, Kid Flash, Impulse, Jesse Quick & Max Mercury), Green Arrow (Arsenal/Red Arrow, Speedy, Conner, & Arrowette).  These heroic family members are in most cases as central to the book as the primary hero, and seem to always turn up again even if it takes decades.  Arrowette is a legacy hero, not just a new character.  This is a trend that affects almost every major hero in the DC Universe.  Booster Gold & Goldstar. Hawkman & Hawkgirl. Firestorm & Firehawk.  Captain Marvel & CM3 & Mary Marvel.  Martian Manhunter & Miss Martian. 
 
Yet despite having the characters....the Marvel Universe has never embraced this theme.  Every major hero in Marvel has a set of related minor heroes.  We have seen brief unions formed by these characters.  But Marvel has never seemed to make them central to the mythos as DC has done.  If we look at the major heroes of Marvel, most of them have established connections with minor heroes, but they don't develop these relationships.  Consider: 
 
Spider-Man: Scarlet Spider, Steel Spider, Black Cat, Prowler, Rocket Racer, Cloak & Dagger 
Captain America: Bucky, Nomad, Falcon, USAgent, Battlestar, Free Spirit & Jack Flag 
Iron Man: War Machine & Rescue
Thor: Beta Ray Bill, Thunderstrike, Thor Girl, the Warriors Three & Sif 
Hulk: She-Hulk, Doc Samson, Skaar, Red She-Hulk & Red Hulk 
 
We have seen a lot of expansion and interactions by the Hulk Family in the last few years.  But this is the exception rather than the rule.  If the Marvel Universe trend continues we can expect the Hulks to go their separate ways.  In fact, the Hulk Family is a very new push by Marvel.  She-Hulk was established firmly as part of the high profile hero scene with the Avengers and Fantastic Four rather than with her cousin.  Jen's involvement with the Hulk's is a new phenomenon.  The majority of the Hulk Family were created for the push.  We don't know what the future will hold. 
 
Spider-Man has really avoided connections to any network of heroes until joining the Avengers full-time.  Captain America has fought crime with his allies for long stretches before but really hasn't developed the sense of family.  We expect that any Batman title will guest-star Robin or Nightwing often.  Does anyone really expect to see Falcon or Nomad in Cap's title?  It is a nice guest star when it happens, but it isn't really a major push. 
 
We also don't tend to see the Family Books.  DC has Gotham Knights, Batman & Robin and the Green Lantern Corps.  But Marvel has really avoided titles that feature heroic families.  I tend to see this as a missed opportunity.  But for some reason Marvel has yet to make this a marketable prospect. 
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Mythos vs Innovation

 
This is something that has been on my mind recently.  We have all read and argued about DC's reboot/relaunch/whatever.  Some are excited and others are disgusted.  It makes me realize that comic companies have lost sight of balancing Mythos and Innovation.  At one time, major revisions of a title or universe were rare.  Marvel didn't do it at all, and DC had done it twice in 30 or 40 years (Crisis on Infinite Earths, Zero Hour).  But it has become far more frequent.  DC has brought us Identity Crisis, Infinite Crisis, 52, One Year Later, Final Crisis, Brightest Day, Flashpoint, and soon the DC Relaunch.  Marvel has jumped into the act with Heroes Reborn, Heroes Return, Avengers Disassembled, Secret War, House of M, Civil War, One More Day, and Heroic Age. 
 
Innovations are fun.  They shake up the routine and present our favorite characters in a new light.  But they don't last.  Fans really dislike these permanent shake-ups.  Retro-Continuity is a bad word among comic fans.  If you think i'm too critical of Innovation, consider this point.  Barry Allen was the Flash for 29 years before his death in Crisis on Infinite Earths.  Wally West was the Flash for over 23 years before Rebirth.  Barry was still considered the iconic Flash more than two decades after his death, leading DC to bring him back.  The long term dissatisfaction with Innovation is why comic deaths are almost always temporary.  Even Crisis was killed by Hypertime.
 
Innovation is at its best when it is short-term.  Age of Apocalypse gave us an enjoyable look at another Marvel Universe for a few months, before returning us to our regularly scheduled programming.  I think the true master of short-term innovation was Mark Gruenwald.  If we look at Gruenwald's run on Captain America (a ten year stint), he used this technique frequently.  Gruenwald showed us Steve Rogers without the Captain America identity (John Walker's time as Cap), Steve Rogers as a youth (CA 355-356), Captain America as a drug user (Streets of Poison), Captain America as THE Avenger (Operation: Galactic Storm and Training Thor II), Captain America as a werewolf, and Captain America dying (Fighting Chance).  All of these twists on Captain America were presented in 2 to 12 months without ever being intended as a permanent change.   
 
Mythos is the core elements of the character.  It can include identity, powers, equipment, allies, lovers, supporting cast, and villains.  Gruenwald centered Captain America firmly in his mythos.  Gruenwald contrasted Captain America (the American ideal) with anti-American and corrupted American ideals, such as the Red Skull (tyranny), Flag-Smasher (one world government/anti-nationalism), the Serpent Society (unions), Power-Broker (greed and capitalism).  He highlighted Cap as the one hero that even villains could trust as their champion.  Water Wizard and Flag-Smasher both dealt with Cap on this basis.  We saw Cap as the man out of time, the ideal of the American dream, the global hero, the soldier, and the Avenger during Gruenwald's run. 
 
Mythos is what makes characters compelling.  It can grow and change over time.  Nightcrawler, Wolverine, Storm, and Colossus are arguably more iconic as X-Men than Beast, Angel, and Iceman.  Mockingbird has become tied to Hawkeye.  No one can picture Spider-Man without Mary Jane; even though Pete had half a dozen girlfriends before her, including Gwen Stacy.  More importantly, Mythos must grow and evolve to avoid becoming stale.  But it has to happen over time.  The original X-Men quit when the All New All Different team arrived.  But for several years after we saw frequent guest appearances from originals such as the Beast (who was an Avenger at the time) and Angel.  Marvel Girl was quickly brought back.  It was at least five years before the new team really became established as core X-Men. 
 
What tests the growth of Mythos?  Unfortunately, it is usually a move to return to "core elements" that shows how much growth has occured.  One More Day reversed a great deal of Spider-Man continuity.  Erik Larsen spent several issues when he wrote Nova (1999 series) turning Nova back into the same character he was in the 1970's.  Fans had to watch as Larsen reduced Nova's powers to their original level, wrote out his supporting cast and return the original supporting cast, and ignore new villains so the original Nova enemies could return.  Larsen's run lasted only 7 issues; showing how unpopular this retcon was. 
 
Mythos and Innovation are both important to keep a book interesting.  But the permanent reversals or reboots never seem to last. 

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