What If?

What If? is a series that shows what would have happened if things had turned out differently during many of the famous Marvel stories. Of note is issues #4 and #9 of this volume are considered canon.

TitleMaterial Collected
What If? Classic 1

What if Spider-Man joined the Fantastic Four? (Based on The Amazing Spider-Man #1)

  • Reprinted in The Best of What If? Followed by What If? #21. Alternate sequels appeared in What If? vol. 2, #35, and Paradise X: Heralds. This world was designated Earth-772 in Marvel Encyclopedia: Fantastic Four.
  • Spider-Man did eventually join as a member of the "New Fantastic Four" and more recently the Future Foundation.

What if the Hulk had the brain of Bruce Banner? (Based on The Incredible Hulk #1)

  • This world was designated Earth-774 in Marvel Encyclopedia: Fantastic Four.

What if the Avengers had never been? (Based on The Avengers #3)

What if the Invaders stayed together after World War 2?

  • A tale of "untold history."

What if Captain America hadn't vanished during World War 2? (Based on Avengers #4)

What if the Fantastic Four had different super-powers? (Based on Fantastic Four #1)

  • This version of the team reappeared in What If? vol. 2, #39. This world was designated Earth-7712 in Marvel Encyclopedia: Fantastic Four.
What If? Classic 2

What if someone else besides Spider-Man had been bitten by the radioactive spider? (Based on Amazing Fantasy #15)

  • Three different stories look at what would have happened if either Peter's bully Flash Thompson, his would-have-been temporary girlfriend Betty Brant, and publisher J. Jonah Jameson's astronaut son, John, had been bitten instead. With the exception of Betty Brant, the protagonist dies in each story. A darker version of the Flash story is redone as What If? vol. 2, #76.

What if the world knew Daredevil was blind? (Based on Daredevil #2)

  • This issue also contained the first humor-based What If? in the series asking, "What if the Spider had been bitten by a radioactive human?"

What if the Avengers fought evil in the 1950s?

  • Presented as "untold history," it has been steadfastly relegated (at least, as written) to an alternate universe by Kurt Busiek and others. Designate Earth-9904 in All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: A-Z Update #2 (2007). A version of this timeline was revisited in Avengers Forever, and yet another version made a cameo in Paradise X: Heralds.

What if Jane Foster had found the hammer of Thor? (Based on Journey into Mystery #83)

What if the original Marvel Bullpen had become the Fantastic Four? (Based on The Fantastic Four #1)

  • This world made a brief tongue-in-cheek appearance in Paradise X: Heralds. It was designated Earth-1228 in The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Alternate Universes 2005.

What if Rick Jones had become the Hulk? (Based on The Incredible Hulk #1)

What If? Classic 3
  1. What if Sgt. Fury had fought World War 2 in outer space?
  • This universe made a brief appearance in Paradise X: Heralds.
  1. What if Nova had been four other people? (Based on Nova #1)
  • This issue examines the random decision for Richard Rider to become Nova and looks at how things might have changed if the powers of Nova had been transferred to a vengeful wife whose husband had been murdered, a kind homeless black man in a universe with no super heroes, Peter Parker in a world where the radioactive spider crippled him instead of giving him powers and finally an unknown character with a villainous personality.

What if Ghost Rider, Spider-Woman, Captain Marvel were villains? (Based on Marvel Spotlight #5 and #32, and Marvel Super-Heroes #12)

  • As with issue #7, this contained three short stories with the theme of Marvel characters who strayed close to becoming villains rather than heroes in the 616 universe.

What if Dr. Strange were a disciple of Dormammu? (Based on Strange Tales #110)

What if Spider-Man had never become a crimefighter? (Based on Amazing Fantasy #15)

What if the Avengers fought the Kree-Skrull War without Rick Jones? (Based on Avengers #96)

What If? Classic 4

What if Invisible Girl of the Fantastic Four married the Sub-Mariner?

  • A sequel to What If? #1.

What if Dr. Doom had become a hero? (Based on Fantastic Four #5)

  • This world was designated Earth-808 in Marvel Encyclopedia: Fantastic Four.

What if the Hulk had become a barbarian? (Based on The Incredible Hulk #205)

  • This issue also contains the back-up humor story, "What if Aunt May had been bitten by the radioactive spider?"

What if Gwen Stacy had lived? (Based on The Amazing Spider-Man #121)

  • Reprinted in The Best of What If?

What if Thor and the Avengers fought the gods? (Based on Thor #136)

What if Captain America had been elected president? (Based on Captain America #250)

  • This issue also contained the back-up story, "What if Man-Thing had regained his intelligence?"
What If? Classic 5

What if Phoenix had not died? (Based on X-Men #137)

  • Reprinted in The Best of What If? Redone in What If? vol. 2, #32-33.

What if Daredevil became an agent of S.H.I.E.L.D.? (Based on Daredevil #1)

  • Reprinted in The Best of What If?
  • This also contained the back-up story, "What if Ghost Rider had been separated from Johnny Blaze?"

What if the Avengers defeated everybody? (Based on Avengers Special #2)

  • This world was designated Earth-8110 in The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Alternate Universes 2005.
  • This also contained the backup story, "What if Namor had never regained his memories?"

What if Spider-Man's clone lived? (Based on The Amazing Spider-Man #149)

  • It was revealed years later that the clone had indeed lived, but had just been in hiding.

What if Wolverine had killed the Hulk? (Based on The Incredible Hulk #181)

  • The concept was reversed in What If? vol. 2, #50 (although it followed a later rematch between the characters). Issue also includes "What if the Fantastic Four had never been?" (based on The Fantastic Four #1). The latter world was designated Earth-8222 in Marvel Encyclopedia: Fantastic Four.

What if the Avengers had become pawns of Korvac? (Based on Avengers #177)

  • Reprinted in The Best of What If? A version of this world was visited by Quasar in Quasar #30.
What If? Classic 6

What if Dazzler had become the herald of Galactus? (Based on Dazzler #11) / What if Iron Man was trapped in the time of King Arthur? (Based on Iron Man#150)

What if Humor issue

  • Parts reprinted in The Best of What If?

What if Elektra had lived? (Based on Daredevil #182)

  • Issue also includes "What if Yellowjacket had died?" (Based on Avengers #212)

What if the Fantastic Four had not gained their super-powers? (Based on The Fantastic Four #1)

  • Reprinted in The Best of What If? This version of the team reappeared in What If? vol. 2, #39. This world was designated Earth-8212 in Marvel Encyclopedia: Fantastic Four. Issue also includes "What if Richard Rider had not lost the power of Nova?" (Based on Nova #25)

What if the Beast and the Thing continued to mutate? (Based on Amazing Adventures #11 and Marvel Two-in-One #81)

  • The world featuring the Thing was designated Earth-8321 in Marvel Encyclopedia: Fantastic Four. Issue also includes "What if the Silver Surfer lost thePower Cosmic?" (Based on Fantastic Four #50)

What if... featuring Daredevil (set in a possible future) and Captain America (Based on Captain America #237)

  • Also included an alternate future Vision and Scarlet Witch tale.
What If? Classic 7

What if Dr. Strange had not become master of the mystic arts? (Based on Strange Tales #110)

  • This timeline made a cameo appearance in Paradise X: Heralds.

What if Sub-Mariner had saved Atlantis from its... Destiny? (Based on Sub-Mariner #1)

What if the Invisible Girl had died in childbirth? (Based on Fantastic Four Annual #6)

What if Conan the Barbarian was stranded in the 20th century?

  • An alternate ending to What If? #13. Also includes an extended ending to What If? #32.

What if Captain America were revived today? (1983) (Based on Avengers #4)

  • Redone in What If? vol. 2, #67-68 and #103.

What if the Hulk went berserk? (Based on The Incredible Hulk #1)

What if Spider-Man's Uncle Ben had lived (and Aunt May was murdered instead)? (Based on Amazing Fantasy #15)

  • Redone in What If Spider-Man (2005)

What if Loki had found the hammer of Thor? (Based on Journey into Mystery#83)

  • Final issue of the original series.
X-Men: Alterniverse Visions

What if Storm of the X-Men had remained a thief? (Based on Uncanny X-Men #117)

What if Wolverine led Alpha Flight? (Based on Uncanny X-Men #121)

What if Wolverine battled Weapon X? (Based on Marvel Comics Presents #72)

What if Rogue possessed the power of Thor? (Based on Avengers Annual #10)

What if Stryfe killed the X-Men? (Based on X-Force #18)

What If?: Why Not?

What If Aunt May Had Died Instead of Uncle Ben? (2005) #1

What If Dr. Doom Had Become the Thing? (2005) #1

What If General Ross Had Become the Hulk? (2005) #1

What If Jessica Jones Had Joined the Avengers? (2005) #1

What If Karen Page Had Lived? (2005) #1

What If Magneto Had Formed the X-Men With Professor X? (2005) #1

What If?: Mirror Mirror

What If? Captain America (2006) #1

What If? Daredevil (2006) #1

What If? Fantastic Four (2006) #1

What If? Sub-Mariner (2006) #1

What If? Thor (2006) #1

What If? Wolverine (2006) #1

What If?: Event Horizon

What If? Avengers Disassembled (2007) #1

What If? Spider-Man: The Other (2007) #1

What If? Wolverine: Enemy of the State (2007) #1

What If? X-Men: Age of Apocalypse (2007) #1

What If? X-Men: Deadly Genesis (2007) #1

What If?: Civil War

What If? Annihilation (2008) #One-Shot

What If? Civil War (2008) #One-Shot

What If? Planet Hulk (2007) #One-Shot

What If? Spider-Man vs. Wolverine (2008) #One-Shot

What If? X-Men: Deadly Genesis (2007) #1

What If?: Secret Wars

What If? Fallen Son (2009) #One-Shot

What If? House of M (2009) #One-Shot

What If? Newer Fantastic Four (2009) #One-Shot

What If? Secret Wars (2009) #One-Shot

What If? Spider-Man: Back in Black (2009) #One-Shot

What If?: Secret Invasion

What If? Secret Invasion (2010) #One-Shot

What If? World War Hulk (2010) #One-Shot

What If? Spider-Man: House of M (2010) #One-Shot

What If? Astonishing X-Men (2010) #One-Shot

What If? Daredevil vs. Elektra (2010) #One-Shot

What If?: Dark Avengers

What If? (2011) #200

What If? Dark Reign #One-Shot

What If? Iron Man: Demon in an Armor #1

What If? Spider-Man: House of M (2010) #One-Shot

What If? Wolverine: Father #One-Shot

What If?: Avengers Vs X-Men In July 2013 Marvel released a five issue limited series for What If based on the 2012 event Avengers vs X-Men, telling the story of what might have happened if Magneto had been more influential in Hope's development for the Phoenix.
What If?: Age Of Ultron

What if Wasp had been killed instead of Hank Pym?

What if Iron Man had been killed instead of Hank Pym?

What if Thor had been killed instead of Hank Pym?

What if Captain America had been killed instead of Hank Pym?

What if Hank Pym never created Ultron at all?

List items

  • #1 - What if Spider-Man Joined the Fantastic Four?

    #2 - What if the Hulk Had Always Had Bruce Banner's Brain?

    #3 - What if the Avengers Had Never Been?

    #4 - What if the Invaders Had Stayed Together After World War

    #5 - What if Captain America and Bucky Had Both Survived WW2

    #6 - What if the Fantastic Four Had Different Super-Powers?

  • What If #7-12

  • What If #14-15, 17-20

  • What If #21-26

  • What If #27-32

  • What If #33-38

  • What If #40-42,43 (backup only), 44-47

  • What If vol. 2, #40, 59, 62, 66, 69

  • What If... Aunt May Had Died Instead of Uncle Ben? (2005) #1

    What If... Dr. Doom Had Become the Thing? (2005) #1

    What If... General Ross Had Become the Hulk? (2005) #1

    What If... Jessica Jones Had Joined the Avengers? (2005) #1

    What If... Karen Page Had Lived? (2005) #1

    What If... Magneto Had Formed the X-Men With Professor X? (2005) #1

  • What If?: Captain America (2006) #1

    What If?: Daredevil (2006) #1

    What If?: Fantastic Four (2006) #1

    What If?: Sub-Mariner (2006) #1

    What If?: Thor (2006) #1

    What If?: Wolverine (2006) #1

  • What If? Avengers Disassembled (2007) #1

    What If? Spider-Man: The Other (2007) #1

    What If? Wolverine: Enemy of the State (2007) #1

    What If? X-Men: Age of Apocalypse (2007) #1

    What If? X-Men: Deadly Genesis (2007) #1

  • What If? Annihilation (2008) #One-Shot

    What If? Civil War (2008) #One-Shot

    What If? Planet Hulk (2007) #One-Shot

    What If? Spider-Man vs. Wolverine (2008) #One-Shot

    What If? X-Men: Deadly Genesis (2007) #1

  • What If? Fallen Son (2009) #One-Shot

    What If? House of M (2009) #One-Shot

    What If? Newer Fantastic Four (2009) #One-Shot

    What If? Secret Wars (2009) #One-Shot

    What If? Spider-Man: Back in Black (2009) #One-Shot

  • What If? Secret Invasion (2010) #One-Shot

    What If? World War Hulk (2010) #One-Shot

    What If? Spider-Man: House of M (2010) #One-Shot

    What If? Astonishing X-Men (2010) #One-Shot

    What If? Daredevil vs. Elektra (2010) #One-Shot

  • What If? (2011) #200

    What If? Dark Reign #One-Shot

    What If? Iron Man: Demon in an Armor #1

    What If? Spider-Man: House of M (2010) #One-Shot

    What If? Wolverine: Father #One-Shot