Person » Peyo is credited in 533 issues.

    Belgian writer, artist. Creator of the Smurfs.

    Short summary describing this person.

    Peyo last edited by jacdec on 11/21/22 12:39PM View full history

    Real name Pierre Culliford. He took the name Peyo (a mispronunciation of his first name) as his artist name.

    Séries principalesdeàRôle
    (Catalogues) Ventes aux enchères - Artcurial2011
    Animaux a(d)mis1990
    Benoît Brisefer19622011
    Bonux-Boy (Les histoires de)1960
    Buddy Longway1983
    Contes de Noël du journal Spirou2020
    Il était une fois... Les Belges1980
    Jacky et Célestin19801983
    Johan et Pirlouit19542019
    Modeste et Pompon (Franquin)19731981
    Modeste et Pompon (Intégrale Himalaya)1988
    Pierrot et la lampe1991
    Rire c'est rire1995
    Schtroumpf (Les contes du Grand)1991
    Schtroumpfs (120 blagues de)2013
    Schtroumpfs (3 histoires de)19941996
    Schtroumpfs (Carrousel)19661969
    Schtroumpfs (Histoire de)2007
    Schtroumpfs (L'univers des)20112016
    Schtroumpfs (Les contes des)2005
    Schtroumpfs (Les)19612017
    Schtroumpfs (Les) (Divers)19792020
    Schtroumpfs (Les) (Edition 50 ans - minis)2008
    Schtroumpfs (Les) (Editions de Tournon)1992
    Schtroumpfs (Les) (Hachette-Livre de poche)19831985
    Schtroumpfs (Les) (Hemma-Livre de poche)19951997
    Schtroumpfs (Les) (Hemma-Pop Up)1993
    Schtroumpfs (Les) (Jeux)20052017
    Schtroumpfs (Les) (La flûte à six schtroumpfs)1975
    Schtroumpfs (Les) (Nathan-Livre animé)1984
    Schtroumpfs (Les) (Premiers livres Dupuis)1983
    Schtroumpfs (Les) - Schtroumpferies19942001
    Schtroumpfs (Mini-Albums)19821983
    Schtroumpfs (Mini-récits)19591985
    Schtroumpfs (publicitaire)20062013
    Schtroumpfs (Rombaldi)2016
    Spirou (Almanachs & Album+)1983
    Spirou et Fantasio1969
    Albi sprint1970
    Benito Sansón2015
    Classici del Fumetto di Repubblica (I) - Serie Oro1975
    Estrumpfes (Aventuras dos) (Les Schtroumpfs en portugais - Pública)19801984
    Estrumpfes (Contos) (Les Schtroumpfs en portugais)1984
    Estrumpfes (Mini-aventuras dos) (Les Schtroumpfs en portugais)1982
    Estrumpfes (Série de TV) (Les Schtroumpfs en portugais)1984
    Hellblazer (DC comics - 1988)1995
    Jano y Pirluit1970
    Johan en Pirrewiet1975
    Johan y Pirluit (en espagnol)2014
    João e Pirolito1967
    Kim Kebranoz (Benoît Brisefer en portugais)19671970
    Modesto e Pompom2005
    Modesto y Pompón2016
    Pitufos (Los)19832013
    Schtroumpfs (en langues régionales)2004
    Schtroumpfs (en langues étrangères)19852014
    Schtroumpfs (en portugais)19671991
    Schtrumps (en portugais)1967
    Smurfen (De)19711998
    SMURFS (les Schtroumpfs en anglais)20102012
    SMURFS (les Schtroumpfs en anglais, Dupuis)19781979
    Smurfs (Marvel - 1982)19821983
    Spirou e Fantásio (en portugais)1984
    Spirou y Fantasio (Franquin - Planeta DeAgostini 2002)2005
    Spirous äventyr1981

    Pierre Culliford was born on June 25, 1928 in Brussels. Of British origin through his father, he completed his primary and secondary studies at the Saint-Louis College in Brussels, which he left at the age of 16, the Second World War having largely begun. Until the liberation, he worked as an assistant projectionist in a cinema, then spent a few months at the Academy of Fine Arts in Brussels. But this teaching does not suit him because he is attracted by cartoons and caricatures. His grand-nephew, unable to pronounce "Pierrot" called him Peyo ... from his pseudonym. In 1945, he was hired as a "gouacheur" at the CBA (modest cartoon studio) where he met those who were to become essential comics and great friends: André Franquin, Morris and Eddy Paape. Unfortunately, the studio went bankrupt (following a fire) and Peyo turned to advertising. After a year of advertising design, he began timidly in comic strips: an essay in "The Last Hour", then in "Le Soir". Soon, in 1947, the fusion of an overflowing passion for the mythical Middle Ages of his earliest childhood and a poetic humor tinged with fantasy tends to the realization of "Johan", a young page faithful to his king, who will be a reflection of our traditional moral values. At the same time, he animates "Pied-Tendre", the little Indian in "Mowgli", the review of Belgian wolf cubs, and produces some humorous drawings in various daily newspapers. The style is refined, the verve sharpens and, after a few attempts in different media including "Moustique", the young Peyo enters "Spirou" in 1952, thanks to the support of André Franquin. In 1954, "Le Lutin du Bois aux Roches" reveals the existence of "Pirlouit", a facetious, grumpy, lazy and greedy rascal who becomes the epic companion of the squire "Johan". Their adventures, picturesque illustrations of everyday life in the Middle Ages, are quickly moving towards the fantastic and magical universe of Nordic legends haunted by grimoires, "The source of the Gods", mysterious forests and mischievous elves. And, in 1958, "Johan et Pirlouit" met in the "Pays Maudit" fabulous little blue beings, five inches high: "The Smurfs" (Peyo painted them blue because his wife found this color more harmonious in a decor of greenery ... Madame Peyo then became the team's colourist). The friendly little blue elves, with white caps and panties, instantly enchant thousands of readers and the album "La flûte à six Schtroumpfs" becomes a legend. On the initiative of Yvan Delporte, then editor-in-chief of Spirou, "Les Schtroumpfs" acquired their autonomy. The first six episodes appear in the form of mini-stories. In 1960, following the success of the album of "Johan et Pirlouit" renamed "La Flûte à six trous" (published by "Dupuis"), Peyo redesigned the first adventures of the "Schtroumpfs" and adapted them in large format. . Peyo invented the "Smurfs" language, now spoken and understood all over the world (NB: During a trip to the south with his friend Franquin, pointing to the salt shaker, he said while sneezing: "Pass me the . .. smurf!?!?" ... that's where the name comes from ...). After having laughed a lot, the two friends smurf the smurf to who better, replacing all the key words in the sentence by smurf or smurf and, surprisingly, this language turns out to be perfectly understandable and very flexible semantically. It is the dawn of a formidable adventure. If Peyo is an emeritus comic strip author, what he especially likes is to tell a story. He would have been a writer or a journalist if he hadn't been a designer. His subjects, he often draws them from what he has loved since his early childhood: the Middle Ages. A certain Middle Ages, that of tales and legends with their fantastic and imaginary side, that which his Scottish nurse instilled in him with Walter Scott. He adds his own poetry, his fantasy, his humor. He tells and draws all this with a freshness and naivety, a very present tenderness. But he also has the gift of narration, dialogue, staging, which are reflected in his boards with a great knowledge of the profession. He is sometimes assisted by young people whom he trains and by his wife, who advises him on coloring. These talents were to lead him quite naturally to cartoons. Since Peyo had the art of storytelling and staging, why not see all these little people come alive? It was his dream, which came true when the "Dupuis" editions accepted the financing of a great cartoon! And as the story of "The Flute with six Smurfs", where the "Smurfs" appeared for the first time, was close to his heart, Peyo decided to adapt it for the big screen. A famous company to which he tackled with passion. A new profession, which he learned to love with the help of Yvan Delporte and Michel Legrand. Unrepentant eccentric and former editor of "Spirou", Delporte participates as co-screenwriter and co-dialogist. As for Michel Legrand, Palme d'Or for "Les Parapluies de Cherbourg" and "Le Messager", he treated the complex musical rhythm with elegance and freshness. "Poussy", the little cat, began his career in "Le Soir-Jeunesse" until 1960 then in "Spirou" in 1965. Also in 1960, Peyo created "Benoît Brisefer" in "Spirou" (on the sets of Will ) which represents the modern period of Peyo. This hero of goodwill, righter of wrongs and friend of "Madame Adolphine", is a little boy with superhuman strength, who loses all power as soon as he catches a cold. In addition, note that this character allowed Peyo to let off steam by gently making fun of American comics always infatuated with "Superman". In 1961 and 1962, still in the company of Will, he scripted "Flowers for my Lüger" and "The black belt", the first two episodes of "Jacky and Célestine" offered in "Le Soir Illustré". Subsequently, this series will be taken over graphically by Jo-El Azara, by François Walthéry, by Francis and by Roger Leloup. Peyo now collaborates only from afar on the script, mainly provided by Vicq, then by Gos (who also collaborates a lot on the drawing) and by Mittéï. The growing success of the "Smurfs" indeed forced Peyo to create his own studio and to surround himself with a solid team. In addition to the artists raised, note the presence in this group of Lucien De Gieter, Marc Wasterlain, Derib, Albert Blesteau and Benn. 1983 and 1984 materialize the internationalization of these little characters (millions of derivative products as well as multiple cartoons featuring the incredible "Smurfs" invade the planet). Faced with this success, Peyo and his family organize themselves. His daughter Véronique is in charge of the management of the "merchandising" and his son, Thierry Culliford supervises the production of the "Studio Peyo" (responsible among other things for producing the various advertising drawings). In 1989, Peyo founded his own publishing company: "Cartoon Création". The same year, he launched the magazine "Smurfs", of course publishing new adventures of the Smurfs, but also "Pierrot and the lamp", inspired by a youthful sin of the author, originally appearing in the newspaper " Bonux Boy" (a collection was published in 1991). Note also the opening of an amusement park dedicated to blue elves and renamed in June 1991, "Walibi-Schtroumpfs" (in Hagondange, near Metz). In 1992, "Cartoon Création" sold the album version of its series ("Les Schtroumpfs", but also "Benoît Brisefer" and "Johan et Pirlouit", ...) to the "Lombard" editions. The review "Schtroumpfs" continues as for it with the editions "Tournon". That year, François Walthéry adapted a screenplay by Peyo for his "Natacha" series (album "The belt of Cherche-Midi" published by "Marsu Productions"). Peyo died the same year, victim of a cardiac arrest on December 24, the day before Christmas. A very great gentleman is gone.


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