Officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, Nepal is a multilingual society whose population are descendants of three major migrations from India, Tibet, and North Burma. Nepali is the official language of Nepal.
Nepal is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by PR China and to the south, east, and west by India. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and the country's largest metropolis. The northern part of Nepal is situated in the Great Himalayan Range and contains the highest elevations in the world including Mount Everest.
Traditionally a monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty from 1768. However, a decade-long Civil War and several weeks of mass protests by all major political parties led to elections resulting in the abdication of the monarchy and the establishment of a federal multiparty representative democratic republic. The first President of Nepal was sworn in on July 2008.