Founded in the 1700s, It first appeared in Uncanny X-Men #151 (November 1981) and it was created jointly by Bob McLeod and Chris Claremont.
This school, for students in grades seven through twelve, is located in the Berkshire Mountains of Snow Valley, Massachusetts. It appeared to be an Ivy League Preparatory School for incredibly wealthy families. Emma Frost attended this school as an adolescent and was ridiculed by the popular girls at the school. After gaining her telepathy, she improved her grades and graduated with high marks enabling her to enroll in Empire State University.
Emma Frost later became the headmistress and Chairwoman of the Board of Trustees of the Massachusetts Academy. Though externally it still appeared to be an elite prep school, internally it was a school for mutants. It was the base of Emma Frost's first Hellions, until they were killed. The academy then became the headquarters for Generation X, at the time renamed to Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters. It was later returned to its historic name of the Massachusetts Academy. Banshee served as co-headmaster with Emma Frost.