Manufactured by General Arms, the Lawgiver is a voice-activated machine pistol that serves as the standard sidearm issued to Judges in the fictional world of the Judge Dredd comics. Several designs have been produced, and each is a multi-faceted weapon capable of firing a variety of ammunition from a single cartridge.
Due to the high rate at which Judges are killed in the streets of Mega City One, each Lawgiver is equipped with several security features to help prevent one of these illustrious weapons from falling into the wrong hands.
Lawgiver Mark I
The first sidearm seen used by Dredd and the other Judges. Unlike the blocky, black MK II, the Lawgiver MK I was silver in colour and much more slender, resembling a rifle scope with a pistol grip. The Lawgiver MK I was a multi-fire weapon capable of using various ammunition types. It had two dorsal (top) and two ventral (bottom) feeding magazine wells and used four double magazines that held 12 rounds on each side (24 per magazine, for a total of 96 rounds). Magazines had to be manually selected and the shooter had to pick between ventral or dorsal feed. Each magazine has a digital counter at the bottom that gives the ammo count in the magazine.
- General Purpose (GP): the standard lead alloy bullet.
- Armor-Piercing (AP): a dense metal bullet meant to pierce body armor, cover, or a robot or vehicle's hardened metal chassis.
- Rubber Ricochet (RR): a rubber bullet used to shoot perps around corners and behind cover. It is useful in hostage or riot situations or when incapacitating a perp who is not guilty of a capital crime. The round, although "less than lethal", can still injure or even maim or kill its target.
- Incendiary (I): Contains a compound that sets the target on fire and can burn or melt anything it touches.
- Grenade (G): Fires a shell that explodes into fragments. It is reserved for use on armored vehicles and reinforced robots.
- High Explosive (HE): Fires a shell that detonates, but has little fragmentation.
- Heat Seeker (HS): The Heat Seeker over-caliber round is a Semi-Armor-Piercing bullet that has a lead alloy sheath over a dense metal core (which contains the sensor). It also has finned control surfaces on its tail to alter its course in flight. It could lock on and track targets by their heat signature. It screwed on to the end of the barrel with a magnetic clamp; this automatically locked out the magazines and rendered it unable to chamber and fire the weapon's other ammo types. Judges carried them in a special long pouch on the back of their gloves and carried 3 rounds per glove.
Standard loadout would be 2 "General Purpose" / "Armor-Piercing" magazines, 1 "Incendiary" / "Rubber Ricochet" magazine, and 1 "Grenade" / "High Explosive" magazine. Mixture is usually based on preference, experience, and mission type - but all six types have to be in the load-out. The bullets are gyro-jet projectiles fueled with Argon-88b, an unstable element. The 9-step dial on the side of the weapon shows the round's set velocity level ("1" being slowest and "9" being fastest). This can be automatically set by the gun's targeting computer or manually reset by the shooter. The bullets have a maximum range of 5 kilometers.
At the back of the breach is the "Fast Focus" scope. It aims through the bore to provide the Judge with an exact sight picture. It has a visual range of 200 to 2000 meters and has Tele-Visual, Night Vision, and Infra-Red imaging modes. The HUD in the aiming reticule gives the shooter the target type (human, machine, or robot), velocity level (1-9), ammo type chambered (GP, RR, HE, AP, I, G, or HS), and current magazine capacity (0-12 shots). Target selection was done by a button on the grip controlled by the ring finger and the scope's fine tuning could be done by a wheel on the grip controlled by the little finger.
The Mark I weapon had a strobe-light accessory that could either temporarily blind opponents in low light environments when set on a low cycle or induce seizures when set on a rapid cycle. This feature was discarded on later marks, perhaps because it would harm innocent bystanders.
Lawgiver Mark II
Introduced in 2120, the introduction of the then-new Lawgiver MK II was a bittersweet occasion for the members of the Justice Department.
Many of the first examples had been sabotaged by Nero Narcos, the leader of "The Frendz" crime syndicate, as part of Operation Doomsday. When they received a remote signal, the processors on the new weapons were deactivated. This made the palm-print function not recognize the Judge it was issued to, causing its self-destruct bomb to detonate. This maimed and killed scores of Judges and is seen as the opening event of the Second Robot War (2121).
It was a distinct improvement over the earlier model. All the ammunition is now stored in a single bulk magazine rather than a series of small magazines. Ammo types received a number designation (#1-6) and could be manually selected by using a dial on the side of the gun (replacing the velocity dial on the MK I) or by using a vocal command. Unlike the semi-automatic MK I, the MK II is capable of automatic fire.
The Lawgiver MK II is capable of firing the following different types of ammunition:
- Standard Execution (SE): ammunition used in response to generic situations.
- Armor-Piercing (AP): ammunition used to deal with Robots or lifeforms wearing body armor. Armor-Piercing rounds are also powerful enough to go through cover or multiple unarmored perps.
- Ricochet (R): rubber-titanium ammunition used to shoot perps around corners and behind cover. Can be used in standoff situations to allow Judges to shoot around hostages.
- Incendiary (I): partially explosive chemical rounds that ignite whatever target they hit.
- High-Explosive (HE, Hi-Ex): these rounds can be used when a situation calls for a forced entry into an area and there isn't time to wait for heavier reinforcements.
- Heatseeker (HS or "Hot Shot"): rounds that lock on and seek targets by their body-heat. Can be used in combination with Incendiary rounds.
- The Grenade bullet was replaced by a larger clip-on Fragmentation grenade shell.
- PSI Division Exorcists carry Exorcism rounds instead of Heat-Seekers.
Additionally, this model of Lawgiver also has an built-in Stun-Shot system, which runs off an internal battery pack. It fires a Neuro-Electric Energy Pulse that scrambles the target's nervous system, causing them to faint. The pulse has no lasting side-effects, though it may cause heart failure, epileptic seizures, or permanent Central Nervous System damage. A depleted battery pack can be recharged at a station house or from a Lawmaster's power system.
The MK II also has the capability to fire clip-on Fragmentation, Stumm Gas, or Tranq Gas grenade shells. They can be fired in either indirect- (arced trajectory) or direct-fire (flat trajectory) mode. The MK II can also fire a drug-filled Hypodermic Needle (Hypo) round. It operates and functions much like the earlier MK I's clip-on Heat Seeker round. It must be aimed by the operator as it doesn't have the Heat Seeker's lock-on function.
The MK II Lawgiver is also equipped with a "Fast-Focus" viewfinder to facilitate rapid targeting. It also has a built-in motion tracker (useful in total darkness or while blinded) that uses optional audible pings and tones to inform the operator of the location of nearby moving targets.
A silencer is issued that attaches on the muzzle; this renders the round subsonic and dissipates muzzle flash. When the silencer is equipped, the gun's voice module is muted to avoid alerting the target or giving away the Judge's position. While it is used, the Mk.II cannot use Rapid Fire mode and cannot attach Grenades or Hypo-Needle rounds.
Judge Dredd (1995)
In the 1995 film, the weapon used by the Judges was a visually modified version of the Lawgiver MK II. This weapon had its magazine in the grip rather than before the trigger. It lacked the Stun-Shot function and didn't have the ability to fire grenades from the muzzle.
The weapon also lacks the Fast Focus scope. Instead, a targeting sensor in a module mounted under the barrel is used to guide the rounds. The movie version also had additional fire modes. The "Rapid Fire" function made it capable of automatic fire and "Double Whammy" fired two homing shots at the same time at two different pre-designated targets.
At the Academy of Law, Judge Dredd (played by Sylvester Stallone) is seen demonstrating the Lawgiver, which has a 25 round magazine. The ammunition is referred to as "mission-variable" and "voice-programmed". Apparently the ammunition is a generic multi-purpose slug that turns into a specialized type (High Explosive, Armor-Piercing, etc.) when it is verbally designated by the operator. The High-Explosive round was called "Grenade". There is also a new "Signal Flare" ammunition (though it might be a different name for the Incendiary round). The anti-tampering booby-trap differed in that it gave a lethal shock rather than detonating an explosive charge in the grip.
The Lawgiver was a metal shell built around a Beretta 92FS. The Rapid Fire mode was achieved by using an electrically-powered device that was fired offscreen by a technician for safety reasons.
The Lawgiver in the 2012 film Dredd resembles the MK II model. So far it is the most realistic depiction of all the Lawgivers seen. It has three fire modes: Semi (Semi-Auto), Rapid Fire (Full-Auto), and Silenced (Semi-Auto). It also has a digital screen that indicates what fire-mode the pistol is in, the range to the target, how much ammo there is in the magazine, and what type of rounds are to be fired (E.g. when Dredd commands "High Ex", the display says "HIGH EX", showing that "High Explosive" has been selected).
The screen readout shows that a full magazine supposedly carries 50 FMJ (Full Metal Jacketed, or "Standard" ammo), 25 AP (Armor-Piercing), 25 IN (Incendiary) and 25 HE (High Explosive) rounds.The "D" reading in the lower left-hand corner is the distance to the target in meters. If the magazine is near empty (at 10% or less), the screen has an "AMMUNITION LOW" warning.
The "Hot Shot" round used in the standoff in the beginning of the movie, although carrying the nickname of the Heat Seeker round, is an Incendiary bullet. Dredd empties a magazine-full of Incendiary bullets during his counter-ambush of the Ma-Ma Gang. It will also explode if not handled by a registered Judge.
The "Silencer" used in Silenced Mode was an integrated unit in a sleeve built around the barrel that extended over the muzzle.
In a special feature of the Dredd DVD, it is revealed that the Lawgiver used in the film uses three separate high-capacity magazines housing separate kinds of ammunition simultaneously, as opposed to the comics where all kinds of ammunition are fired from one universal magazine. This culminates to a moment in the film where Dredd's Lawgiver runs out of all forms of ammunition except for High Explosive rounds. The Lawgiver was a suppressor-equipped Glock 17 pistol in a metal shell with an LCD screen built into the left-hand side.
This is significant because police all over the world trust Glocks, which are modern, polymer-framed guns. Therefore, they are more appropriate for use in a futuristic movie. The weapon's prop magazine well in front of the trigger took a mocked-up magazine full of inert projectiles; the pistol's real magazine in the grip was loaded with blanks. The armorers for the film specifically constructed the Lawgiver shell to function like a real firearm, including how the magazines changed around to separate ammunition supplies. While firing only the back part of the slide cycled, much faster than the 1995 Lawgiver. There seems to have been a few based on the Glock 18 machine-pistol for the Rapid Fire mode.