Kull the Conqueror was created by Robert E Howard in a story called the Shadow Kingdom published in Weird Tales in August, 1929.
Born in the island nation of Atlantis, Kull was exiled for defending a condemned woman. As a wandering swordsman he gained many followers and eventually became king of Valusia.
Soon after becoming king he inadvertently frees a powerful supernatural being called The Skull of Silence. After repelling it from the world, he returns to Valusia where a Pictish emissary named Ka-Nu informs him that his court has been infiltrated by a sinister serpent-man cult. Together they defeat the serpent-men and lead a war party to destroy the serpent-men's temple.
At the sacking of the serpent-men's temple, Kull and Ka-Nu encounter Thulsa Doom another adversary of the serpent-men, and they bring him back to Valusia with them. However, Thulsa Doom is secretly plotting to gain supreme power by acquiring the Serpent's Eye gem from the temple, which is now in Kull's posession. He eventually tricks Kull into handing it over, which leads to a final conflict between Kull and Thulsa Doom before the entire Valusian Court. Kull triumphs when the power proves too much for Thulsa Doom to effectively wield.
Next Kull travels south with a fleet of ships to aid the island nation of Demascar in war with its neighbor Rikos. But one of his own lords, Kanuub, betrays Kull and helps Demascar use Kull's fleet as a sacrifice to summon demonic forces to aid them against Rikos. Kull eventually triumphs when Brule kills the sorcerer behind the spell.
After the return to Valusia, Kull learns that seven districts of the city have befouled water supplies. He leads two contingents of soldiers into the ancient city Qar, which lies below Valusia, where they encounter a giant monster. They slay the beast and the Valusian responsible for waking it.
Kull then becomes embroiled in a conflict with the Lake Men, due to advice he receives from Delcardes' talking cat. But he later learns that the whole thing was engineered by Thulsa Doom who 'passed to another sphere' but has returned to bedevil the king.
Sometime thereafter, Kull and two shiploads of Valusian warriors become shipwrecked on the island of the Leopard Cult where Kull must face a werewolf and a despotic ruler before they can sail home to Valusia.
Some time later Valusia is wracked by earthquakes and Kull begins an ambitious series of public works to restore the city and improve his standing with the citizenry. His adviser Brule, however, cautions him against putting too much effort and treasure in this venture. Brule turns out to be right when Kull inadvertently releases an ancient curse upon the land which contributes to the fomenting of a rebellion at the same time the neighboring state of Zarfhaana threatens war.
After Kull reestablishes peace and order (taking full responsibility for his own mistakes) his advisor, Tu suggests a reconciliation between Valusia and Atlantis by Kull taking an Atlantean princess for his bride. Initially reluctant since it will anger Valusia's Pict allies, Kull changes his mind after introductions are made, and he falls in love with the Atlantean princess Sareena. But when Sareena is assassinated during their wedding ceremony, Valusia finds itself embroiled in a war with Atlantis on one front and the Picts on the other.
Sometime after reasserting control and stabilizing the region, Kull attends a royal wedding where the Atlantean King Ku-Var is also in attendance. When their best warriors are chosen to fight for the entertainment, Kull chooses Brule, while Ku-Var chooses a female warrior Iraina. Iraina dresses in tiger skins and fights with incredible ferocity. Eventually Kull learns that she is his twin sister. Unfortunately, Kull is forced to kill his sibling when she leads an army of female warriors in a campaign of conquest across the Thurian continent.
Kull returns to rule Valusia from the capital, the City of Wonders, but things start to fall apart as Brule leaves to return to his homeland, Counselor Tu advises him less often, and he resurrects Gonra of the Sword, Valusia's greatest hero from history, so he might have a worthy opponent to spar with. After that little is known about Kull's later years.
It has been suggested that Kull may be an ancestor of Conan.