Farmington is a town in Hartford County in the Farmington Valley area of central Connecticut in the United States. The population was 25,340 at the 2010 census. It sits 10 miles west of Hartford at the hub of major I-84 interchanges, 20 miles south of Bradley International Airport and 2-hours by car from NYC and Boston. It is home to the world headquarters of several large corporations including United Technologies, Otis Elevator Company, and Carvel. The northwest section of Farmington has a Unionville suburban neighborhood.
Farmington was originally inhabited by the Tunxis Indian tribe. In 1640, a community of English immigrants was established by residents of Hartford, making Farmington the oldest inland settlement west of the Connecticut River and the twelfth oldest community in the state. Settlers found the area ideal because of it's rich soil, location along the floodplain of the Farmington River and valley geography.
The town and river were given their present names in 1645, which is considered the incorporation year of the town. The town's boundaries were later enlarged several times, making it the largest in the Connecticut Colony. The town was named "Farmington" on account of it's location within a farming district.
Farmington has been called the "mother of towns" because it's vast area was divided to produce nine other central Connecticut communities. The borough of Unionville, in Farmington's northwest corner, was once home to many factories harnessing the water power of the Farmington River.
Farmington is steeped in New England history. Main Street, in the historic village section, is lined with colonial estates, some of which date back to the 17th century. During the Revolutionary War, George Washington passed through Farmington on several occasions and referred to the town as "the village of pretty houses." In addition, French troops under General Rochambeau encamped in Farmington en route to Westchester County to offer crucial support to General Washington's army.
The majority of Farmington residents were abolitionists and were active in aiding escaped slaves. Several homes in the town were "safe houses" in the Underground Railroad. The town became known as "Grand Central Station" among escaped slaves and their "guides".
Farmington played an important role in the famous Amistad trial. In 1841, 38 Mende Africans and Cinque, the leader of the revolt on the Amistad slave ship, were housed and educated in Farmington after the U.S. government refused to provide for their return to Africa following the trial. The Mende were educated in English and Christianity while funds were raised by residents for their return to Africa.
The Farmington Canal, connecting New Haven with Northampton, Massachusetts, passed through the Farmington River on it's eastern bank and was in operation between 1828 and 1848. The canal's right of way and townpath were eventually used for a railroad, portions of which were active up to the 1990s. Part of the canal and railroad line has now been converted to a multi-use trail.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.8 square miles (74.5 km2), of which 28.0 square miles (72.6 km2) is land and 0.77 square miles (2.0 km2), or 2.65%, is water.
After it's founding, Farmington gave up territory to form Southington (1779), Bristol (1785), Avon (1830), Plainville (1869) and parts of Berlin (1785) and Bloomfield (1835). Farmington presently borders the towns of Avon, Burlington, Newington, West Hartford, and Plainville, and the cities of New Britain and Bristol.
Farmington is mostly wooded, but there are also meadows and hills in the east and southeast. There are also numerous ponds and lakes. The Farmington River runs through the town from the northwest from Burlington, enters Unionville, then takes a sharp turn near Farmington Center and flows north towards Avon. The Metacomet Ridge, a 100-mile (160 km) range of low traprock mountain ridges, occupies the east side of Farmington as Pinnacle Rock, Rattlesnake Mountain, Farmington Mountain and Talcott Mountain. The ridge is traversed by the 51-mile-long (82 km) Metacomet Trail, a hiking trail and contains several rock walls and chimneys suitable for technical climbing in places such as Pinnacle Rock and the Green Wall. These climbing areas, as well as several other rock climbing locations in central Connecticut, are documented in the 1995 book Hooked on Traprock.
Farmington is home to a significant and growing number of corporations. Fortune 500 industrial conglomerate United Technologies is headquartered on Farm Springs Road along with it's subsidiary Otis Elevator. Carvel, ConnectiCare, Farmington Displays and Horizon Technology Finance, all maintain corporate headquarters in Farmington. Other prominent employers include the American Red Cross, Bank of America, Farmington Sports Arena, McKesson, Stanley Black & Decker and TRUMPF Inc.
Farmington Bank was headquartered in town until it was acquired by People's United Bank in 2018. The Jackson Laboratory of Bar Harbor, Maine, is building a new facility on the grounds of the University of Connecticut Health Center, which specializes in the research and development of genomic medicine. The project is part of BioScience Connecticut, an initiative designed to launch Connecticut into the forefront of biomedical research. A growing collection of doctor's offices and medical practices is concentrated in the vicinity of UCONN Health Center.
Farmington is unique in that more people work within the town lines than actually live there, a characteristic atypical of a traditional suburb.
- Austin F. Williams Carriagehouse and House — 127 Main Street (added 1998)
- Farmington Historic District — Porter and Mountain Rds., Main and Garden Sts., Hatter's and Hillstead Lanes, and Farmington Ave. (added 1972)
- First Church of Christ — 75 Main St. (added 1975)
- Gen. George Cowles House — 130 Main St. (added 1982)
- Gridley-Parsons-Staples Homestead — 1554 Farmington Ave. (added 1981)
- Hill-Stead Museum (added 1991). The estate, completed in 1901 and designed for Alfred Atmore Pope by his daughter Theodate Pope Riddle, one of the first woman American architects, is known for its ColonialRevivalarchitecture. Now a museum, it's 19 rooms hold a nationally recognized collection of Impressionist paintings by such masters as Manet, Monet, Whistler, Degas and Cassatt. It is the site of the annual Sunken Garden Poetry Festival and is a National Historic Landmark.
- Pequabuck Bridge — Meadow Rd. at Pequabuck River (added 1984)
- Shade Swamp Shelter — US 6 E of New Britain Ave. (added 1986)
- Stanley-Whitman House — 37 High St. (added November 15, 1966)
- West End Library — 15 School St., Unionville (added 2000)
Once ran and operated by Maya Summers, The Academywas an institution of knowledge and learning for those gifted with either extraordinary powers or training, along with the responsibility that comes in using them until it closed down. Now it's an abandoned building left to decay and rot.
Other students in Farmington have access to public schools that consistently rank among the best in the nation. The town has seven main public schools. The four K-4 elementary schools are Union School, West District School, Noah Wallace School, and East Farms School. The recently built West Woods Upper Elementary School houses all of grades 5 through 6 and features state of the art facilities. Irving A. Robbins Middle School houses grades 7 through 8. Farmington High School serves grades 9-12 for the entire town. In 2005, Farmington High School was ranked 125 on Newsweek Magazine's list of the best schools in the United States, in 2006 Farmington was ranked 269 and in 2007, 298.
Miss Porter's School, an exclusive college preparatory school for girls, is in Farmington. The school, whose buildings occupy much of the village center, is a significant historic and cultural institution in it's own right. Founded in 1843 by educational reformer Sarah Porter, Miss Porter's has long been one of the most selective preparatory schools for girls in the country. Famous alumni include Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, Lilly Pulitzer and members of the Bush, Vanderbilt, and Rockefeller families. Tunxis Community College is in the southwest part of the town.
The University of Connecticut Health Center in Farmington employs over 5,000 people. The Health Center also houses John Dempsey Hospital. The hospital provides the only full-service emergency department in the Farmington Valley and a Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), one of only two in Connecticut. Connecticut's first church of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints opened in Farmington in 2016.
Connecticut Transit Hartford provides local bus service.
Rule 1: No destroying Farmington, please. I’ll allow small scale destruction, but anything larger than a building being destroyed requires my permission. Please direct all PM’s to ParagonxXx. If I do not respond in a day or so, then the answer is no.
Rule 2: Please don’t destroy, or do hostile takeovers, of any of the main businesses or corporations without my permission. If it’s a player owned business, then please ask them if it’s okay with them. And if you want to steal something, please don’t walk through all of the defenses, police force, etc, as if they are nothing.
Rule 3: This is for the villains out there. For story reasons, please no conquering Farmington and being it’s ruler without permission from me first.
Rule 4: No auto hitting, no Godmoding, no teleporting, no moving Farmington, etc, without my permission.
Rule 5: Have fun!
Rule 6: Please obey the normal forum rules.
Anyone may come and play here, set up their own business, be a hero, be a villain, etc. Farmington is open to all.