`> In Jewish as in Greco-Roman society, slavery was one of the consequences of imperialist politics. According to Josephus, Jewish enslavement of non- Jews seems to have occurred in the Hasmonaean and Herodian periods inconnection with various rulers’ attempts to expand their territories. The inhabitants of the conquered lands were partly enslaved. For example, after the capture of Sebaste, John Hyrcanus and his sons allegedly ‘reduced the inhabitants to slavery’ (Josephus,Jewish War 1.2.6–7,63–5). This pattern is mentioned several times in connection with other places and regions. Alexander Jannaeus seems especially to have either killed or enslaved warcaptives in conquered territories (cf.BJ 1.4.2–3,87–88).