Impurest's Guide to Animals #58 - Crucifix Toad

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Edited By ImpurestCheese

Well it’s time for another issue of Impurest’s Guide to Animals not to mention kick off year two. Last week we celebrated a year of issues by featuring a monster and a ghost, Godzillognmous schrami and the Samurai Crab. This week’s animal get’s itself into a sticky situation but can never be called a ‘Paste of Space’. Hope you guys enjoy.

____________________________________________________________________

Issue #58 - Crucifix Toad

[1]
[1]

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Amphibia

Order – Arauna

Family – Myobatrachidae

Genus – Notaden

Species – bennettii

Related Species - The Crucifix Toad is one of four species in the genus Notaden, the others being the Desert Spadefoot Toad (Notaden nichollosi), Northern Spadefoot Toad (Notaden melanoschaphus) and the Weigel’s Toad (Notaden weigeli) (1)

Range

[2]
[2]

Paste Pot Puddle Dweller

The Crucifix Toad is a small amphibian, with a length of 6cm, and a width of almost equal size. Despite having warty skin, and being called a ‘toad’, N bennettii is actually a frog and not related to more recognised toads. Unlike other frogs from the genus Notaden, the Crucifix Toad is brightly coloured, with yellow skin and has a highly visible cross shaped marking on its back. Despite these bright colours, the species can be hard to find since they spend most of their time underground, only emerging after heavy periods of rain.

[3]
[3]

Like all other amphibian species the Crucifix Toad is a carnivore, and the species eats ants, termites and other small invertebrates. The species employs a tactic called ‘Pedal Luring’ where the frog taps its toes to lure prey into striking range (2). Being brightly coloured the Crucifix Toad often attracts predators such as snakes and birds, and defends itself by creating a substance called ‘Frog Glue’ which tastes foul, and defers all but the most determined attackers.

Frog Glue has other uses, since the frogs live in an arid environment; the adhesive can be used to create a water tight cocoon to preserve water. During mating, which occurs after rain, the male will sometimes glue himself onto the larger female, to prevent being knocked off her back. The female lays her eggs in puddles, with the tadpoles hatching, growing and then metamorphosis into adults within six weeks. Such a rapid rate of development is probably due to the temporary nature of the pools they grow up in (3).

Five Fun Crucifix Toad Facts

Crucifix Toads are powerful diggers; typical burrows are about a meter deep

[4]
[4]

The adhesives created by the Crucifix Toad have one other purpose, to trap ants. When lying dormant, ants often attack the frogs but get stuck in the ‘Frog Glue’ and are trapped until the amphibian sheds its skin, and are then consumed by the frog.

Frog Glue is one of the strongest naturally occurring adhesives, one that out performs most synthetic glues and pastes. As such research into the chemical makeup is being investigated, in the hopes that such a development can create longer lasting surgical adhesives (4)

While competition for food as tadpoles is fierce, one of the Crucifix Toads relatives, the tadpoles of the Fletcher’s Frog (Lechriodus fletcheri) are predominantly cannibalistic.

Another closely related species, the Turtle Frog (Myobatrachus gouldi) takes it one step further, and completely skips the tadpole stage, with the young emerging as full formed miniature adults when they hatch from their eggs.

Bibliography

1 - www.arkive.org

2 - http://australianmuseum.net.au/blogpost/at-the-museum/just-a-little-closer-little-frog-uses-toes-to-attract-prey

3 - http://www.abc.net.au/local/stories/2008/02/08/2157839.htm

4 - http://inhabitat.com/the-biomimicry-manual-what-can-the-crucifix-toad-teach-us-about-adhesives/

Picture References

1 - http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-JO97gaxFzAM/U2VnA0TxfqI/AAAAAAAAAeA/xmUCYr0rfgk/s1600/Crucifix+Toad+%25288227%2529.jpg

2 - http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5d/Notaden_bennettii_distrib.PNG

3 - http://farm6.static.flickr.com/5095/5517225772_cf85457980.jpg

4 - http://www.qm.qld.gov.au/Find+out+about/Ask+an+Expert/Question+of+the+month/Question+Archive/Questions/2014/~/media/Images/Find%20out%20about/Ask%20an%20expert/Question%20of%20the%20month/2014/August/crucifix-frog-3.jpg?w=300&h=199&as=1

And as we walk away we fail to notice the Crucifix Toad stuck to out boot. Next week we conclude our gooey trio with an ‘interesting’ looking creature. But until then critic, comment and check out past issues in Impurest’s Bestiary.

Many Thanks

Impurest Cheese

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deactivated-5c901e667a76c

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I think it's pretty cute.

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@xwraith: Yep it is. Just wish next weeks animal was...

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TheTrueBarryAllen

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Move over 'Gorilla Glue' because 'Frog Glue' is making its way into town!

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MadeinBangladesh

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But can kiss it?

~MiB

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\(^.^)/ kneel before the holy frog

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ImpurestCheese

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Wolverine008

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@impurestcheese: Another awesome guide Impurest! Are you going to be doing more reptiles?

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kfhrfdu_89_76k

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Oh god...you have to type all those names...

Crucifix my butt/behind/buttocks.

It looks like a two-headed man/Rorschach-blot.

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ImpurestCheese

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@kfhrfdu_89_76k: What names? Do you mean the taxonomic and latin names or the Crucifix Toad's other names? And I didn't name it, blame the pre Rorschach community for this one

@wolverine08: Got some reptiles coming up soon after Issue 59

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kfhrfdu_89_76k

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#11  Edited By kfhrfdu_89_76k

@impurestcheese:

How do I know that you`re not a time traveller or long lived person (or both) who came up with the name...?

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@kfhrfdu_89_76k: If I could time travel I would be the benevolent Supreme Empress of Earth

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#13  Edited By kfhrfdu_89_76k

@impurestcheese:

But you`d keep it a secret, right? So I say you are.

Man! So this is how Lois, Lana, Dick Malverne and loads of others felt.

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#14  Edited By ImpurestCheese
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kfhrfdu_89_76k

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Supreme goddess, grant me luck in love and I`ll grant you a sacrifical lamb. Made of candy. That doesn`t have a soul.

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@kfhrfdu_89_76k: Yuck candy, I work hard to keep this body like this but you may have your good fortune

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kfhrfdu_89_76k

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Thank you! = D

It woulda been hell of a job to make it anyway.

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laflux

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It looked quite like a Spadefoot Toad, so I'm not surprised its related to them. What I certainly didn't know is that was more closely related to frogs.

Saying that, I thought that there was no official differentiation between frogs and Toads and they where all just anurans?

Great work as usual.

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#20  Edited By ImpurestCheese

@laflux: The difference is genetic, but honestly to get into that would take several cups of coffee followed by a round of tequila, it would go on that long. The Spadefoot Toads are considered the group between the 'toad families and the frog families two so it could go either way

On a further amendment one family Bufodaie contains just toads so that is the only group that truly are all toads

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Straight-Fire

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Nice lol. Frogs are something else. :p

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Claymore1998

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\(^.^)/ kneel before the holy frog

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@claymore1998: Hmm seems like a frog cult is growing in the boughs of comicvine.

@dboyrules2011: Yep, I have yet to meet someone who hates frogs out there.

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It looks like that Hypno-Toad from Futurama.

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FuzzyLittleRodent

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Does it taste good with mayonnaise?

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ImpurestCheese

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@kingvenus: Except this frog doesn't kill you with its psychic powers

@dboyrules2011: Really, never been creeped out by frogs

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ImpurestCheese

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@fuzzylittlerodent: Nope, they are not for eating

@kingvenus: This one is closer to being Paste Pot Pete then the Hypno Toad

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@dboyrules2011: Fair enough, must be some reason even if you don't know it

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deactivated-61bde0e570bb9

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The most oddest looking frog ever

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@rd189: You obviously haven't googled Purple Frog. That thing is crazy looking.

@ostyo: Yeah despite dboy's mild ranaphobia these guys are adorable

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He he poor @RD189: can't imagine what you'll think of next week's animal

@ostyo: No idea, perhaps

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#41  Edited By Ostyo
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#42  Edited By ImpurestCheese

@ostyo: Well I do look good in green

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#43  Edited By swordmasterD

Step 1: Get frogs and spiders

Step 2: Harvest super strong frog glue and super durable spider silk

Step 3: SELL! SELL! SELL!

Step 4: Profit???

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@swordmasterd: There is a species of frog that forms a partnership with tarantulas so it's not such a crazy idea

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#45  Edited By laflux

@impurestcheese said:

@swordmasterd: There is a species of frog that forms a partnership with tarantulas so it's not such a crazy idea

Your are a well of knowledge.

Species?

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ImpurestCheese

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@laflux: Dotted Humming Frog and Columbian Lesserback Tarantula

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Pharoh_Atem

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Nice stuff, Impurest. What I find the most interesting about them is their Frog Glue. Such a versatile and useful trait.

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@dccomicsrule2011: Thanks for the comment. And yes the frog glue is amazing, it could potentially save lives if reaserched properly

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